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War, Migration and Work

War, Migration and Work outlines how the changing economy has affected social relations in the Northern Bahr el-Ghazal borderlands, particularly between the old and the young, and men and women. The result is a fraying social system, where intra-family disputes, including violence, are on the rise, and the old order is being increasingly challenged and

Outcome Case Study: DDG’s work with civil society in Turkana

By Raphael Ekai Locham, DDG Coordinator, Turkana The Danish Demining Group (DDG) Kenya started implementing the Community safety project in July 2013. This was with support from the Norwegian Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA) after an initial needs assessment revealed the need for improving community safety in areas bordering Uganda where DDG Uganda had

Rethinking Aid in Borderland Spaces

Taking the Ethiopia-South Sudan borderlands as a case study, Rethinking Aid in Borderland Spaces: The case of Akobo argues that the traditional modalities of the aid industry are not fit for purpose in a world where transnationalism is a daily reality for communities, even—perhaps even especially—in the most geographically remote locations. The transnational networks that shape

Weak links: Challenging the climate and migration paradigm in the Horn of Africa and Yemen

When mobility drivers are scrutinised and climate change is found to play a role in movement, it remains difficult to determine the extent of its influence. This paper will show that although conditions in the Horn of Africa and Yemen are variously characterised by conflict, authoritarian regimes, poor governance, poverty, and mass displacement, along with

International Alert Report: Can more jobs bring peace?

By George Grayson and Flavie Bertouille Understanding peace impact in employment programme design in Kenya and Somalia Within fragile, conflict-affected and post-conflict settings, employment-promotion programmes are often presented as a ‘silver bullet’ to development and peacebuilding. These programmes, ranging from promoting value chains for job creation to providing technical and vocational trainings, are not only

‘No one can stay without someone’

Over the last 50 years, the various conflicts afflicting South Sudan have caused massive displacements of people. Latest estimates suggest there are more than 1.5 million internally displaced people (IDPs) within the country’s borders, with another 2.2 million refugees displaced outside the country, as a result of the most recent conflicts. Policymakers generally see these populations

How do the Climate Crisis and Conflicts Bind Humanitarians and Environmentalists?

Photo: Oil slick in the Tigris is burning a pipeline was sabotaged, resulting kilometres long spill that was set in fire to prevent further water pollution. April 24, 2014. This article by Wim Zwijnenburg (PAX for Peace) reflects on the growing interest and visibility of the environment during the Humanitarian Networks and Partnerships Week 2020 (HNPW) in Geneva and stresses the need to address environmental issues

When rain turns to dust: climate change, conflict and humanitarian action

Earlier this week the 25th UN Climate Conference, known as COP25, opened in Madrid, Spain with an urgent message: the global climate crisis could soon reach the “point of no return”. The ICRC is one of many humanitarian organizations traditionally outside the climate policy ecosystem who have no choice but to tackle this reality head

Case Study: Dialogue in Displacement-Affected Communities in the Borderlands of Kenya

Under DANIDA-funding, DRC/DDG has supported the participation of refugees and Kenyans in policy dialogue on the ongoing review of refugee law through the Refugee Bill 2019. In October, DRC/DDG and the Refugee Consortium of Kenya (a national non-governmental organization) facilitated the participation of refugees in engaging legislators on recommendations to the proposed Bill in Parliament.

Why Tanzania shouldn’t force Burundian refugees to return

Forcing Burundian refugees in Tanzania to leave the country is not only problematic legally, it could also sow the seeds for renewed conflict and displacement in Burundi. At the end of August, the Burundian and Tanzanian governments jointly announced that the 183,000 Burundian refugees would be repatriated. While such a large-scale operation has yet to

Returning to Stability? Refugee returns in the Great Lakes region

After decades of conflict and violence, the Great Lakes region of Africa remains one of the areas of the world most affected by forced displacement. Currently, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Central African Republic (CAR), Burundi and South Sudan are among the global top ten countries of origin of refugees, but every country

Case Study: Displacement-Affected Communities Dialogue in the Borderlands of Tanzania and Burundi

In Tanzania, DRC/DDG implemented an ECHO and DANIDA co-funded protection project called “Enhance protective environment for Burundian refugees in North-western Tanzania”, which included conflict management elements. DDG regional staff were involved in the initial design of the project and in carrying out a thorough conflict analysis looking at both refugee dynamics in the camps as

Case Study: Dialogue in Displacement-Affected Communities in the Borderlands of Uganda

DRC/DDG, Save the Children, ZOA and CEFORD are the implementing partners for the EUTF and DANIDA co-funded “Support Program to Refugee Settlements and Host Communities in Northern Uganda (SPRS-NU)” that focus on conflict management, livelihoods, education and research. The intervention aims to reduce the risk of violent conflict between host communities and refugees in Adjumani,

SDG 16 in Review: more accountable security provision in the Borderlands of Uganda

Since 1999, Danish Refugee Council (DRC)/Danish Demining Group (DDG) has worked with refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) in Uganda. Since 2010 DDG implemented a Community Safety Project in Karamoja with the aim of reducing armed violence and improving inter-community relationships. In Karamoja, DDG advocates for programs designed for early recovery rather than addressing the

SDG 16 in Review: More Accountable Security in the Borderlands of Kenya

DDG Kenya started implementing the Community safety project in Turkana County in 2013 with support from the Norwegian Royal Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA). Projects on improving community-police relationships have also been funded by the governments of Denmark, the United Kingdom (CSSF and DFID through Coffey under Jami Thabiti and Re-Invent Programmes), the United States

ACCORD issue: Borderlands and peacebuilding

Borderlands are geographic regions that straddle an international border. They frequently become central to wartime struggles but are often overlooked. This Accord explores how past peace processes have incorporated or neglected borderland regions, and offers a new way of thinking about how peacebuilders and policymakers can respond to conflict in these regions. Borderlands_and_peacebuilding_a_view_from_the_margins_Accord_Insight_4

Case Study: Sports for Youth Empowerment in South Sudan

Kickboxing as a means for youth empowerment Young members of the kickboxing club in the Bentiu Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in South Sudan participated in a tournament that brought together a large crowd of people from all parts of the PoC, promoting peace and inclusion. The club was founded by a former kickboxing professional

Local integration in focus: Refugees in Ethiopia

Commissioned by The Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS), and conducted by Samuel Hall, this report provides recommendations on how to improve local integration and self-reliance programming. The study assessed the level of local integration in Gambela (Gambela city and Pugnido Camp) and Somali regions (Jigjiga and Kebribeyah Camp) for refugees who have lived in Ethiopia

Return of Dadaab Refugees to Increase Pressure on Conflict-Ridden Somalia

The expected return of up to 260,000 Somali refugees from Kenya’s Dadaab refugee camp may intensify pressure on some very dangerous and unresolved fault lines in Somalia, says the Danish Demining Group (DDG) in a study funded by the UK Department of International Development (DFID). An understanding of conflict dynamics helps targeted and contextual policies

Understanding Intra-Regional Labour Migration in the East Africa Community

By Samuel Hall This report investigates intra-labour migration in the East African Community (EAC) through a literature review of existing evidence. The aim of this study, commissioned by DFID and Sida and conducted by Samuel Hall, Maastricht University and the University of Oxford, is to generate new evidence to support government and development interventions aimed

Security and Conflict Management in the African Borderlands: A People-centred Approach

By Dominic Naish, 24 Apr 2017 Borders and borderlands in Africa are spaces where the nexus of security, development, crime, conflict and politics is often at its most dynamic. In theory, borders serve to demarcate states’ territory, and the movement of goods and people across them are managed in the interests of national trade and

Global Counter-terrorism Forum, “Good practices in the area of security and management in the context of counterrorism and stemming the flow of foreign terrorism fighters”,

Outlines good practices in security and management in the context of counter-terrorism and stemming the flow of foreign terrorism fighters, including cooperation, engagement of border communities, and implementing community policing, among others. See More

John Okande, “IOM holds training on Enhancing Border Security and Border Management in Kenya”, 2012

News report covering an IOM training aimed at strengthening the human resource capacity of key agencies manning Kenya’s entry and exit points. See More

James Cohen, Joyce Kasee Mills, and Leanne McKay, “Building Regional Border Security Cooperation: lessons from the Maghreb”, United States Institute of Peace, September 2016

Summarizes lessons learned by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) Regional Border Security Cooperation in the Maghreb project and offers an approach to strategy development for the area. See More

IRIN News, “What drives conflict in northern Kenya”, irinnews.org, December 2009

Looks into conflict drivers across northern central Kenya. See More

Sara Pavanello, “Working across borders: Harnessing the potential of cross-border activities to improve livelihood security in the Horn of Africa drylands”, HPG, July 2010

Focusing on the Kenya-Ethiopia border, this policy brief outlines the need for greater research and understanding of cross-border pastoralist issues. It advocates for national and regional governments to give legal and economic legitimacy to pastoralists in order to boost local and national economies and food security, with particular reference to the Regional Resilience Enhancement Against

IRIN News, “Clashes highlight dangers of devolution”, irinnews.org, February 2012

Covers political violence between mainly the Borana and the Gabra in 2012, with analysis of the role of devolution in Kenya on inter-tribal clashes. See More

Simon Levine and Sara Pavanello, “Rules of the range: Natural resources management in Kenya–Ethiopia border areas”, HPG, April 2012

Argues that technical solutions to problems faced by pastoralists are insufficient and that a focus on institution that manage rangeland is essential for agencies. The report is based on HPG’s work with the Regional Resilience Enhancement Against Drought (RREAD) Programme. See More

Peter Maura, “Kenya’s Claim Over Sudan, Ethiopia Border Triangle Precarious”, The Daily Nation, July 2005

It analyses the history of the Ilemi Triangle from 1928-date. The Triangle is a disputed territory between Kenya and South Sudan currently occupied by Kenya. The article argues that Kenya’s claim over it is “precarious” as it lacks a treaty or legislative mandate. See More

Kennedy Mkutu, “Pastoral conflict and small arms: The Kenya-Uganda border region”, Saferworld, November 2003

Introduces factors contributing to conflict between pastoral peoples. It looks at current conflict patterns with reference to small arms prevalence and efforts to prevent and reduce conflict. The paper concludes with policy recommendations. See More

Patrick Meier, Doug Bond, and Joe Bond, “Environmental influences on pastoral conflict in the Horn of Africa”, Political Geography, 2007

Focuses on the influence of environmental variability on pastoral conflict in the Horn of Africa, with particular interest in the Karamoja Cluster and IGAD’s CEWARN initiative. See More

Benson Kiperen Ngeiywa, “Deterring Cross-border Conflict in the Horn of Africa: A Case Study of the Kenya-Uganda Border”, Naval Postgraduate School of Monterrey, California, June 2008

Describes the traditional and historical background of pastoral conflict in the area, before examining its socio-economic and political impact. It assesses the successes and failures of past and present deterrence measures, before concluding with thematic suggestions for peace-building and more general policy recommendations. See More

Jonah Leff, “Pastoralists at War: Violence and Security in the Kenya-Sudan-Uganda Border Region”, International Journal of Conflict and Violence, December 2009

Highlights the causes of cross border conflicts including environmental factors, colonial and post-colonial policies, commercialization of cattle raiding, lack of state security provision, and proliferation of small arms and light weapons. It also look at the issue of disarmament in Karamoja, Uganda, North Rift Region, Kenya. and Jonglei, South Sudan. It gives case studies of

Simon Simonse, “Human Security in the Borderlands of Sudan, Uganda and Kenya: Key advocacy issues from the grassroots peace building programme for youth warriors”, IKV Pax Christi and Seeds of Peace Africa, July 2011

Examines the limits of the state’s failure to protect its citizens in the Karamoja Cluster and the response to this at community and civil society level. The report goes on to discuss the motivational aspect of conflict in the area, disarmament efforts and their effects, and finally the economic drivers of conflict. See More

Saferworld, “Tracking key conflict and security dynamics in Karamoja – an update”, Saferworld, May 2012

A qualitative study covering the period 2009-2012. It is founded on information gathered from a wide range of local stakeholders and focuses on the broad conflict and security context in Karamoja. The study provides detailed findings and conclusions centered around three main themes: civilian disarmament, policing, and conflict-sensitive development. See More

Kennedy Mkutu and Gerald Wandera, “Policing the Periphery: Opportunities and Challenges for Kenya Police Reserves”, Small Arms Survey, March 2013

Introduces and explains the Kenyan Police Reserve force and its background. The paper examines the role of the KPR in Turkana and Laikipia counties and concludes with a discussion of issues surrounding the force including its numbers, accountability, and arms use and misuse, among others. See More

Small Arms Survey, “Evolving Traditional Practices: Managing Small Arms in the Horn of Africa and Karamoja Cluster”, Small Arms Survey, June 2014

Examines local demand, use, and management of firearms in pastoralist areas of northern Kenya, Somaliland (Somalia), Eastern Equatorial (South Sudan), and the Karamoja region of north-eastern Uganda. The brief concludes with four suggestions for policymakers on arms control in the areas in question. See More

Ryan Triche, “Pastoral conflict in Kenya: Transforming mimetic violence to mimetic blessings between Turkana and Pokot communities”, Accord, July 2014

Traces the historical context of cattle rustling and livestock raiding between the Turkana and Pokot, then identifies contemporary factors driving tensions: access to resources, profiteering, and weapons proliferation. The paper further explores the reciprocal nature of the conflict. It then offers prescriptions and potential solutions. See More

Jon Kurtz and Kate McMahon, “Pathways from Peace to Resilience: Evidence from the Greater Horn of Africa on the Links between Conflict Management and Resilience to Food Security Shocks”, Mercy Corps, September 2015

Presents a rationale, background, methodology and findings from studies into the relationship between conflict management and peace-building programmes and resilience to crises at household level in Karamoja Cluster and the Mandera Triangle. The report concludes with implications and recommendations. See More

Kimberly Howe, Elizabeth Stites, and Darlington Akabwai, ““We now have relative peace”: Changing Conflict Dynamics in Northern Karamoja, Uganda”, Feinstein International Center, November 2015

A Summary research into conflict dynamics and mitigation efforts in Karamoja. Concludes with implications and four policy recommendations. See More

Mark Bradbury and Michael Kleinman, “Winning Hearts and Minds? Examining the Relationship Between Aid and Security in Kenya”, Feinsten International Centre, April 2010

Focuses on US military interventions in Kenya’s north east. Describes the context and history of the Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa’s (CJTF-HOA) “hearts and minds” approach to operations and of Kenya’s north east and coast provinces. It then discusses drivers of insecurity and the security-development dynamic in the north east. Finally it

Crisis Group, “Kenyan Somali Islamist Radicalisation”, ICG, January 2012

Discusses the threat of radical Islam in Kenya’s north-eastern province and Eastleigh, Nairobi. The report begins with a history of Islam in Kenya and the State’s poor handling of Kenyan Muslims since Independence. It then looks at the dynamics of radicalization among Muslims in Kenya and the government’s strategies against it to date. Drawing a

Aden Abdi, “Clans, conflicts and devolution in Mandera, Kenya”, Insight on Conflict, October 2014

Introducing the relationship between Kenyan devolution and clan-based conflict in Mandera, the article argues that a mixture of robust conflict management, good governance and addressing historical injustices are key to a durable solution. See More

Jon Kurtz and Kate McMahon, “Pathways from Peace to Resilience: Evidence from the Greater Horn of Africa on the Links between Conflict Management and Resilience to Food Security Shocks”, Mercy Corps, September 2015

Presents a rationale, background, methodolgy and findings from studies into the relationship between conflict management and peace-building programmes and resilience to crises at household level in Karamoja Cluster and the Mandera Triangle. The report concludes with implications and recommendations. See More

Crisis Group, “Kenya’s Somali North East: Devolution and Security”, ICG, November 2015

Provides an overview of the Kenyan state’s relationship with its Somali population, both citizens and not. It describes the successes and failures of Kenya’s efforts to integrate its Somali minority, the issue of Somali refugees in Kenya, and the positive and negative impacts of devolution on these issues. The brief then moves on to discuss

Gilbert Khadiagala, “East Africa: Security and the Legacy of Fragility”, International Peace Institute, October 2008

The author looks at security challenges in the Horn of Africa including weak states and governments, ecological, environmental and health vulnerabilities, proliferation of neglected communities, and susceptibility to international terrorist and criminal networks. He also looks at territorial security and governance, with particular reference to territorial boundaries the presence of radical Islam in Kenya, Tanzania

Sara Pavanello, “Pastoralists’ vulnerability in the Horn of Africa: Exploring political marginalisation, donors’ policies and cross-border issues”, ODI, November 2009

Provides an overview of available learning on pastoralists’ political vulnerability, cross-border issues and approaches, donor policies and attitudes, and lessons learned so far on pastoralists in the Kenya-Somalia-Ethiopia border areas. See More

Roy Love, “Economic Drivers of Conflict and Cooperation in the Horn of Africa: A Regional Perspective”, Chatham House, December 2009

The Horn of Africa is one of the most conflict-prone regions in Africa. Despite changes of regime and international efforts to broker peace agreements, the countries of the region experience consistently high levels of violence, within and across borders. The incongruence between the legacy of colonial boundaries, ecological zones and cultural affinities peculiar to the

Wafula Okumu, “Resources and border disputes in Eastern Africa”, Journal of Eastern African Studies, 2010

Gives an overview of East African border hotspots, historical legacy and errors in boundary making, poor border management and administration, resources and emerging border conflicts. These include the Lake Albert Basin between Uganda and DRC, where oil exploration and has successfully taken place. See More

Jeremy Presthold, “Kenya, the United States and Terrorism”, Africa Today, summer 2011

Examines U.S. security aid to Kenya, the experiences of those affected by counter-terrorism initiatives, and the ways in which Kenya’s internal socio-political dynamics shape America’s counter-terrorism agenda. See More

Sebastien Lambroschini and Hassan Hulufo, “Good practice principles for cross border programming in the drylands of the horn of Africa [draft].” ACTED/CARE, June 2011

Identifies three approaches for programming in border areas: cross border implementation, coordinated or parallel interventions, and replication of good practices from one side of a border to the other. It then outlines eight good practice principles and eight policy recommendations for actors. See More

Wafula Okumu, “Border Management and Security in Africa”,The Africa Union Border Programme, June 2011

Defines basic concepts and outlines border management stakeholders. The paper then looks at border security in Africa as influenced by trends in Europe and America such as the increasing criminalization of immigrants, the securization or tightening of border controls, and the externalization of immigration policies (shifting border control responsibilities to third countries). See More

Paul D Williams, “Horn of Africa: Webs of Conflict and Pathways to Peace”, The Wilson Center, October 2011

Describes current patterns and levels (local, national and regional) of conflict in the Horn of Africa and identifies cross-cutting issues. The paper then looks at five “keystone” conflicts in Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, and the Sudans, before putting forward five priority areas for a new approach to peace and stability. See More

Annete Weber, “Boundaries with Issues: Soft Border Management as a Solution?”, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, January 2012

The author advocates for “soft” border management as opposed to the more common “hard” or securitized approach. She argues that cross-border issues such as oil, migration, pastoralism, citizenship, and trade should be negotiated and administered rather than imposed, focusing on the positive potential of border populations in trade and knowledge of border management. See More

“Tetra Tech ARD, “”East African Regional Conflict and Instability Assessment, final report””, USAID, March 2012″

This report for USAID provides an overview of the context, actors, and drivers of conflict across East Africa, identifying crime and violent extremism on the one hand and minerals on the other as two priority issues to address. It describes regional bodies, local governments, and civil society as the “three pillars” to manage conflict and

James Gatdet Dak, “South Sudan seeks peaceful solution to border dispute with Kenya”, Sudan Tribune, October 2009

The semi-autonomous Government of Southern Sudan has reiterated its position for a peaceful and amicable solution to the deadly border dispute involving two neighboring communities of the sisterly countries. The President of the Government of Southern Sudan, General Salva Kiir Mayardit, briefed the Council of Ministers on Friday about the border conflict between the Toposa

Peter Lokale Nakimangole, “South Sudan, Kenya To Revisit Colonial Mapping To Verify Border Disputes At Nadapal-Lokichogio”, gurtong.net, March 2015

A strange row between South Sudan and Kenya has started boiling up with the two governments resorting to resolve issues by revisiting colonial border demarcations with an ultimate intention to verify current border disputes at contested Nadapal-Lokichogio border. See More

Christopher Chumba, Pontian Godfrey Okoth, and Edmond Were, “Effectiveness of Border Surveillance Strategies in the Management of Transnational Terrorism in Kenya and Somalia,” International Journal of Political Science, 2016

Academic article. Discusses a global shift “from diplomacy-based security to security-based diplomacy” with regard to international terrorism post-September 11th 2001. The article summarises a primary research study comparing Kenya and Somalia’s approach to border surveillance and their respective effectiveness in managing the threat of al-Shabaab.

Africa Union, “Draft Africa Union strategy for enhancing border management in Africa”, Africa Union Border Program, May 2012

Identifies sources of border insecurity in Africa including trafficking and smuggling of drugs, human beings, contraband, endangered species, and small arms, illegal migration, terrorism, illegal exploitation of natural resources, money laundering and corruption, piracy, and landmines. It proposes interventions and strategies against these such in areas of cooperation and coordination, capacity building and community involvement.

Redie Bereketeab (ed.), The Horn of Africa: Intra-state and Inter-state Conflicts and Security, Pluto Press and Nordic Africa Institute, January 2013

Explores the origins of internal and international conflict in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan. The book examines the various levels of insecurity caused by these conflicts, and analyses how and why national, regional, and international attempts to reduce and prevent conflict have failed. See More

Jonathan Fisher, “Mapping ‘Regional Security’ in the Greater Horn of Africa: Between National Interests and Regional Cooperation”, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, April 2014

Working paper. Explores the relationships between national security interests and regional cooperation in the greater Horn of Africa. The paper argues that the security concerns of most civilians in the region are not necessarily the concerns of their leaders, and thus an important area of focus for both national and international actors should be to

Small Arms Survey, “Evolving Traditional Practices: Managing Small Arms in the Horn of Africa and Karamoja Cluster”, Small Arms Survey, June 2014

Examines trends and issues in small arms use in the Karamoja Cluster, Garissa and Isiolo States in Kenya, and Somaliland. It maps local ownership and perceptions of small arms, analyses their use and effects within communities, and provides examples of initiatives to reduce small arms fire. See More

Anneli Botha, “Radicalization in Kenya: Recruitment to Al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council”, ISS, September 2014

Based on interviews with Kenyan and Somali-Kenyan individuals associated with al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council, this paper analyses how and why people join these groups.   See More

Borderlands Conflict Prevention and Management in the Mandera Triangle and Karamoja Cluster Project : Lessons Learned Report

This report was commissioned by the Danish Demining Group (DDG) to examine the lessons learned from their Borderlands Conflict Prevention and Management in the Mandera Triangle and Karamoja Cluster project. The Borderlands project was funded as a six months pilot by the United Kingdom (UK) Government’s newly established Conflict, Security and Stability Fund (CSSF). The

World Bank, “Forced Displacement and Mixed Migration in the Horn of Africa”, World Bank, June 2015

Report. Describes and analyses the current situation of forced displacement and mixed migration in the Horn of Africa. The report discusses the development challenges of protracted mixed migration trends and regional and national initiatives aimed at addressing these, with recommendations.   See More

CROSS-BORDER ANALYSIS AND MAPPING

The main purpose of this Cross Border Study is to provide a mapping and analysis exercise of four cross border areas linking Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and Eritrea. The field research took place during July and August 2016, and involved eight researchers in four cluster areas: Cluster 1: Southwest Ethiopia-Northwest Kenya Cluster 2: Kenya-Somalia-Ethiopia Cluster

EUTF CROSS-BORDER ANALYSIS AND MAPPING – Kenya-Somalia-Ethiopia

Size and Location Gedo Region, Somalia: bordered on the East by Bay and Bakool regions, on the West by Mandera County of Kenya, and with Middle Juba to the South and Doolow Ethiopia to the North. The region is made up of six administrative districts, Garbaharey, Baardheere (the capital), Ceel Waaq in the south and

CROSS-BORDER ANALYSIS AND MAPPING: Southwest Ethiopia-Northwest Kenya

The South Omo Cluster includes parts of South Omo Zone1 in Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples (SNNP) regional state of Ethiopia and Turkana County in Kenya. It forms part of the bigger Karamoja Cluster of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), and is predominantly inhabited by agropastoralists. The area of South Omo Zone amounts to

Lessons Learnt: Community Sensitive Border Security and Management in the Mandera Triangle and Karamoja Cluster

Objectives and successes to date Project objectives The Community Sensitive Border Security and Management in the Mandera Triangle and Karamoja Cluster (CSBSM) project contributes towards Outcome 1 of the East Africa Conflict, Security and Stability Fund (CSSF)’s goals. This is to “strengthen regional capacity to manage and prevent conflict, tackle cross-border security threats and disrupt

Community Safety, Livelihoods and Socio-Economic Development in Karamoja

In December 2014, the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) and the Danish Demining Group (DDG) decided to collaborate in a survey of the Danish Refugee Council (DRC)/DDG’s armed violence reduction (AVR) programme in the Karamoja region of eastern Uganda. The survey objectives, agreed between DRC/DDG and the GICHD, were to: • identify what

Emerging climate change cross- border conflicts along the Kenyan borderlands

Environmental issues straddle borders and boundary lines. There are many different ways states and borderland communities address their ‘common’ environmental problems, but the recognition of any ‘common environmental’ issue is not simple and often confronted by very serious tensions. Despite the lack of overall established systems, there are numerous experiments of cross-border linkages all over

Danish Demining Group’s work results in peace agreements in Gedo, Somalia

DDG’s conflict resolution and mediation activities have resulted in several peace agreements and a ceasefire among rival sub-clans in the Belet Xawa district in Somalia. The violence witnessed in the district was a consequence of a power struggle among the borders of Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia. This conflict has caused mass displacement, closure of businesses

Voices from Exile: Daily realities and future prospects of Congolese and Burundian refugees in the Great Lakes Region

The objective of this study is to bring new light on how Congolese and Burundian refugees live from day to day in exile in the Great Lakes region, and how they perceive and understand the options available to them in this context. The research is a continuation of that started in 2010 in a joint

Baseline Survey on Small Arms and Light Weapons – Great Lakes and Horn of Africa

The situation of human security in the Great Lakes and the Horn of Africa Regions continues to pose great threat to individuals, communities and states in spite of the multi-faceted interventions made by respective players. Insecurity posed by the easy availability of small arms and light weapons (SALW) complicates the situation. Peace has been elusive

Case Study: DDG Uganda Community Safety Programme

As a result of armed conflict and civil strife over the past two decades, the north and west of Uganda were contaminated by mines/ERW, particularly along the country’s borders with South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since 2007, Danish Demining Group (DDG) has implemented a mine/ERW clearance programme in Uganda in association with